True North has dedicated resources specifically to conducting research, both internally and as part of a broader national study on the efficacy of Wilderness Therapy. All students and their parents or guardians are invited to complete questionnaires upon enrollment, graduation, and at 6 and 12 months post discharge. These data were collected using normed and valid, scientifically robust tools.
Based on the results of data gathered from adolescents and their parents we see significant, objective improvement in a variety of areas.
Mental health functioning improves
The Youth Outcome Questionnaire (Y-OQ 2.01*) is a well known, reliable scale completed by the parent/guardian and is a measure of treatment progress for adolescents receiving mental health intervention. It is designed to track actual change in functioning and to measure symptoms of distress across a variety of areas. A score above 46 is considered the clinical range and a decrease in score is an improvement in mental health functioning.
Note: If the difference in the pre-to-post-treatment score is greater than 13, and the post-test score has crossed the threshold between a clinical and non-clinical range, the client is said to have demonstrated clinically significant change.
True North’s average Y-OQ 2.01 composite scores as of 10/5/2022:
Students and families see great Benefit
Parents surveyed at graduation report that their child’s problems are better than when they entered the program.
Parents surveyed at graduation report satisfaction with the quality of treatment their child received at True North.
Family functioning improves
A Family Assessment Device score of 2.00 or above indicates problematic family functioning. The higher the score, the more problematic the family member perceives the family’s overall functioning.
True North’s average FAD scores:
SIGNIFICANT CLINICAL IMPROVEMENT IN A VARIETY OF AREAS
The overall shift in scores on the Y-OQ 2.01 reveal significant clinical improvement for students both during and after their experience at True North. Further examination of the individual items on the scale gives a more robust picture of some of the specific gains. Results indicate that the significant improvements noted upon completion of True North are maintained and consistent 12 months after graduation. The following is a sampling of those results:
Symptoms of anxiety and depression are reduced
Parents reported that their child does not participate in activities that were previously enjoyable:
Parents reported their child frequently or always seems anxious or nervous:
Parents reported their child frequently or always appears sad or unhappy:
Students exhibit and report increased self-confidence
Parents reported their child sometimes, frequently or always appears happy with him or herself:
Parents reported their child frequently or always gets frustrated and gives up, or gets upset easily:
Students showed marked social and interpersonal improvement
Parents reported their child frequently or always wants to be alone more than other children of the same age:
Parents reported their child has negative distrustful attitude toward others:
Students demonstrate improved cooperation and respect
Parents reported their child frequently or always argues or is verbally disrespectful:
Parents reported their child frequently or always complains about or challenges rules, expectations or responsibilities:
Executive Functioning improves
Parents reported their child frequently or always has difficulty completing assignments or completes them carelessly:
Parents reported their child frequently or always seems unable to get organized: